Joseph A. Lewnard1, I. Ko1,2,5, Virginia E. Pitzer1, *, Marina Antillón1,2, Gregg Gonsalves1,2,3, Alice M. Miller2,3,4, Albert
Introduction of Vibrio cholerae to Haiti during the deployment of United Nations (UN) peace-keepers in 2010 resulted in one of the largest cholera epidemics of the modern era. Follow-ing the outbreak, a UN-commissioned independent panel recommended three pre-
deployment intervention strategies to minimize the risk of cholera introduction in future peacekeeping operations: screening for V. cholerae carriage, administering prophylactic antimicrobial chemotherapies, or immunizing with oral cholera vaccines. However, uncer-
tainty regarding the effectiveness of these approaches has forestalled their implementation by the UN. We assessed how the interventions would have impacted the likelihood of the Haiti cholera epidemic.